Here are some quick takeaways from Why Content Knowledge is Crucial to Effective Critical Thinking by Jill Barshay.
- To help student see analogies, “show students two solved problems with different surface structures but the same deep structure and ask them to compare them,”
- Williingham advises teachers, citing a pedagogical technique proven to work by researchers in 2013.
- In math, students often get derailed when a word problem is slightly different from a step-by-step model that they’ve studied.
- A research-tested strategy here, developed by Richard Catrambone at the Georgia Institute of Technology, is to label the sub-steps of the solution with the goal they serve. That way students can understand why they’re using each step and what it’s accomplishing.
- In order to compare and contrast, the brain has to hold ideas in working memory, which can easily be overloaded. The more familiar a student is with a particular topic, the easier it is for the student to hold those ideas in his working memory and really think.
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