The Disruption of Blended Learning By David Nagel07/06/11
"Disruptive innovations bring accessibility, affordability, and customization to sectors that before were complicated, expensive, and standardized," Staker told THE Journal. "Blended learning could bring a much more personalized, student-focused experience to brick-and-mortar classrooms across America."
In 2000, roughly 45,000 K--12 students took an online course. But by 2010, over 4 million students were participating in some kind of formal online-learning program, and increasingly, these began to take place in physical school settings.
State elected officials, district superintendents, and school principals must act now to prevent the cramming of online learning into the traditional system and to foster its transformative potential.
is bringing a needed common language and consensus around the causes of the problems to be solved.
Disrupting Class, a book researched and written by Professor Clayton M. Christensen
and Michael B. Horn
We call innovations that lead to performance improvement in the established market sustaining innovations. Airplanes that fly farther, computers that process faster, and cell phone batteries that last longer are all examples of sustaining innovations. In the education sector, calculators, overhead projectors, electronic white boards, digital textbooks, and charter schools are all sustaining innovations. They offer intriguing add-on to the established classroom system, but they do not transform it.
disruptive innovation. This is an innovation that transforms an existing sector--or creates a new one--by introducing simplicity, convenience, accessibility, reliability, and affordability, where before the product or service was complicated, expensive, and inaccessible. It is initially formed in a narrow foothold market or niche that appears unattractive or inconsequential to industry incumbents. Examples of disruptive innovations are the personal computer, which disrupted the mainframe and minicomputers, as well as Toyota automobiles, which disrupted those of Ford and General Motors.
In education online learning appears to be a classic disruptive innovation. It has the potential to transform the factory-like, monolithic structure that has dominated America's schools into a new model that is student-centric, highly personalized for each learner, and more productive.
schools aren't doing the job that students hire them to do. There are two main jobs that most students try to do every day: They want to feel successful and to have fun with friends. When the school system fails to help them find ways to feel successful, students lose interest and look elsewhere to fulfill that need. The monolithic, factory-based architecture of today's school system means that students must conform to a one-size-fits-all approach. The system lacks the modularity and flexibility to optimize for each student's strengths. But this doesn't need to be the case. K-12 education is one of the few sectors of the economy--perhaps apart from mining operations and masseuse parlors, that the Internet has not yet radically transformed. This is about to change. Online learning bears the classic signs of a disruptive innovation, with all of the attendant power to transform the factory-like, monolithic structure that has dominated America's schools into a new model that is student-centric, highly personalized for each learner, and more productive.
Cornerstone Health High School, which will launch in Detroit this fall. The staffing design disaggregates the teacher role into three parts: Relevance Managers are connected to the real world and help their students engage in increasingly complex, relevant, and applied projects and internships. Rigor Managers are virtual faculty for the online coursework. They are the subject-matter experts. (Think Sal Khan of the Khan Academy.) Relationship Managers develop deep, mentoring relationships with students during their four years in school and the early years of college.