Wednesday, December 8, 2010

MyNotes - Active Learning Strategies

Active Learning Strategies
    • elements of active learning are talking and listening, writing, reading, and reflecting
      • less emphasis is placed on transmitting information and more on developing students' skills
        • some characteristics of active learning are students
          • involved in more than listening
            • greater emphasis is placed on students' exploration of their own attitudes and values.
              • students are involved in higher-order thinking (analysis, synthesis, evaluation)
                • students are engaged in activities (e.g., reading, discussing, writing)
                  • a few examples of in-class active learning techniques used in small and large classes, and with all levels of students.
                    • Think-Pair-Share Give students a task such as a question or problem to solve or an original example to develop, etc. Have them work on this for 2-5 minutes alone (think). Then have them discuss their ideas for 3-5 minutes with the student sitting next to them (pair)
                      • Collaborative learning groups (CLG) These may be formal or informal, graded or not, short term or long term. Generally, students are assigned to heterogeneous groups of 36 students. They choose a leader and a scribe (note-taker). They are given a task to work on together. Often, student preparation for the CLG has been required earlier (reading or homework). The group produces a group answer, or paper, or project.
                        • Student-led review sessions
                          • Each student is to ask at least one question related to material they don't understand and to try to answer a question raised by another student. Students can also practice discussing, illustrating, and applying difficult material or concepts, or drafting exam questions. For the second half of the review session, the whole class works together. Students may ask questions; other students volunteer to answer them. All students who ask or answer questions receive a "treat"
                            • Games
                              • Videos
                                • Student debates
                                  • Student-generated exam questions
                                    • Mini-research proposals or projects; a class research symposium
                                      • Case studies
                                        • Journals or logs
                                          • Newsletters
                                            • Concept mapping

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                                              Genuine Leadership #4: Gratitude