MyNotes: Plan-Do-Study-Act Improvement Process
Source: (Print) Article on Plan-Do-Study-Act Improvement Process
Article: Plan-Do-Study-Act Improvement Process
- The Plan-Do-Study-Act approach provides a structure for improvement efforts.
- This structure can be used to guide thinking and actions for improving any situation and may be used by teams or individuals.
- Components include the following:
- Component 1: Plan -
- Select a core school improvement team
- Identify key stakeholders
- Identify individuals who support is critical to success of improvement
- Include individuals with knowledge of the organization
- Include individuals with knowledge of the improvement process
- Develop a code of cooperation or group norms to guide behavior
- Review and analyze all facets of the school’s operation
- External trend data
- Student achievement data for summative and formative assessments
- Student outcome data (e.g. attendance, discipline, dropout rate)
- Culture conditions and practices
- Evaluate the effectiveness of improvement strategies implemented in prior years
- Identify strengths
- Identify deficiencies and determine root causes
- Determine root causes
- Identify driving and restraining causes of the situation
- Formulate recommendations
- Prioritize recommendations and set priorities for improving
- Prepare a list of possible solutions for root causes and define potential impact.
- Determine professional development needs
- Identify research-based strategies
- Develop or revise school strategic plan with 10 components:
- School wide reform strategies
- Instruction by highly qualified teachers
- Parent involvement
- Additional support for students
- Monitoring and evaluation of the program
- Component 2: DO
- Execute and monitor the implementation of the plan
- Provide professional development for admin and teachers to build capacity
- Ensure the implementation of the plan
- Facilitate ongoing support to the building/district staff members
- Observe staff effectiveness in implementing the initiatives and research based strategies
- Conduct classroom walkthroughs
- Review benchmark and progress monitoring data for improvements in student achievement
- Identify student/teacher intervention strategies based on formative assessment data
- Identify additional recommendations as the school implements the plan
- Component 3: STUDY
- Analyze evidence of effectiveness-to what extent did we achieve our goals?
- Review all revised school policies and practices for an impact on student achievement
- Evaluate the effectiveness of the academic or behavioral intervention(s)
- Report findings and recommendations to stakeholders
- Determine recommendations for adjustments to strategic plan
- Devise additional approach to providing needed technical assistance
- Component 4: ACT
- Develop and implement a plan for standardization and establish future plans.
- Apply lessons from a small scale implementation to full implementation
- Identify and document what was learned
- Acknowledge and celebrate success
- Revise the improvement plan based on what learned
- Require ongoing monitoring and review
- “Proper Planning Prevents Poor Performance.”
One Sentence Summary: “Proper planning prevents poor performance” summarizes the Edward Demings’ Plan-Do-Study-Act approach, a scientific way of affecting organizational improvement.
- Take time to think, learn, and improve
- Remove barriers to motivation and improvement by encouraging leadership at all levels, teamwork and cooperation.
- Understand the system in which the group operates by seeking clarity of purpose establishing visions of excellence...viewing all work as a process.
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